The Ex-slave “free Frank” Founded The Town Of New Philadelphia In Which State? (Question)

When a freed slave called Free Frank created the town of New Philadelphia in Illinois in 1836, the state of Illinois was in a state of upheaval.

Who founded New Philadelphia Illinois?

Created in 1836 by Frank McWorter, the town of New Philadelphia was the first African-American community in the United States to be founded, platted, and officially recognized. Over time, he was able to free 16 members of his family from slavery.

How did the population of free blacks in proportion to the whole population of United States change during the antebellum period?

New Philadelphia, created in 1836 by Frank McWorter, was the first African-American community in the United States to be founded, platted, and registered. The purchasing of 16 family members out of slavery occurred over the course of several years.

When was free Frank born?

Free Frank was born in 1777 on the South Carolina frontier to a West-African-born slave named Juda, who was a slave of the McWhorter family. Juda was a slave of the McWhorter family at the time of Frank’s birth.

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Where was Frank McWorter born?

Free Frank was born in 1777 on the South Carolina frontier to a West-African-born slave named Juda, who was a slave of the McWhorter family at the time of his birth.

What did Frank McWorter do?

Free He was the first African-American to found a town and establish a planned community in the United States. Frank McWorter (1777 – September 7, 1854) was an American slave who purchased his own freedom and in 1836 founded the town of New Philadelphia in Illinois; he was the first African-American to do so in the country.

What was the free black population in the South in 1860?

Four million slaves lived in the South in 1860 when the last census was done before the American Civil War, whereas little less than 0.5 million free African Americans lived in the entire United States during that same year.

What did slaves do after they were freed?

Some emancipated slaves abandoned their previous masters’ area as soon as they were freed, while others worked as wage laborers for their former owners. And, perhaps most critically, African Americans had the ability to make decisions about where they worked and what kind of job they did for themselves.

Why did many freed slaves remain on the farms where they had worked as slaves?

Many stayed where they were, not because they were being treated well, but because it was the only way that their sold-off family could locate them, and it meant having food, housing, and a sliver of security while their previous owner required their work to keep the business running.

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What was the legacy of free Frank McWorter?

Free Farmer Frank McWorter converted his 160 acres of Illinois farmland into a cash-generating enterprise by shipping his food to a market on the Mississippi River. As a result of his acquisition of additional land, he was able to build the first recorded town built and laid out by an African American, which he named New Philadelphia.

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